How EAB Students & Staff Celebrated Carnival 2019

By Emma Holm-Olsen

From Rio de Janeiro to Buenos Aires, the students and staff of the American School of Brasilia jetted off to exotic places all over the region to celebrate one of the most beloved and entertaining holidays, as well as to participate in some of the world’s largest parties. Carnival, a Western Christian and Greek Orthodox holiday that occurs before Lent, the period of repentance and cleansing after two or three days of ‘sinning’, has always been considered a religious holiday. Of course it still is, but in the last few decades has strayed away from it’s religious connotations in efforts for companies and destination vacation spots to make money and of course for people to just let loose and have fun for a few days. That being said, people generally go a bit crazy during those few days with partying until the early hours of the morning with lots of eating and drinking, and all around merry-making. Although the religions that celebrate Carnival and Lent frown upon any kind of partying or pleasure taking from Ash Wednesday on, many people tend to ignore that “guideline”.

Anyway, back to how people actually spent the week-long vacation! As for me, the extent of my celebration was a bit of glitter and a venture downtown to take part in a “bloquinho” devoted to bringing back classic Carnival Bossa Nova music. (News flash- this was my parents’ idea but I went with the flow, as you do with parents).

High school Junior Sarah Wiggins travelled to Argentina for the week

Other students and teachers had much more interesting breaks. High school Junior Sarah Wiggins travelled to Argentina for the week and had a spectacular time. “Over Carnival I traveled to the deservedly famous, Buenos Aires, in which I was able to dip my toes in the culture and qualities of the beautiful city. The trip consisted of many steps in exploring the city and even more bites of the diverse and amazing foods that could be found on every street”, Sarah said in an interview earlier this week. “We then went to Mendoza, a much smaller city, which was a lot less bustling than Buenos Aires with its serene atmosphere and wonderful landscapes… there were vineyards full of sweet grapes for the harvest season that stretched as far as the eye could see.” I would say that’s a pretty nice way to spend a week off! Other students stayed within Brazil, but still found ways to get the most out of their carnival break. One of my fellow classmates, who preferred to remain anonymous, went to Rio for a few days, where she visited Cristo Redentor, the Escadaria Selaron (the famous mosaic steps near Lapa), as well as took part in the festivities of the Sambadrome parades over the weekend. The Sambadrome parades in Rio de Janeiro is the largest Carnival celebration worldwide, with the festivals dating back as early as 1723. Obviously it’s still going strong with more than two million people on the streets every year. Students weren’t the only ones who took advantage of the holiday, though. High School English teacher, David Sweetman drove 16 (!) hours to Paraty for the week where he spent the days on a schooner sailing around the islands; at the gorgeous coastal municipality of Ubatuba; going to see a form of puppet theatre known as Ban Raku, as well as visiting the famous Basilica and National Shrine to Nossa Senhora Aparecida. High School Biology teacher Erin Kahle stayed in Brasilia, with her family, the first few days of break to avoid the raucous Carnaval crowds. Around the area though, they visited the Itiquira waterfall where her husband, English teacher Andrew Jones, hiked to the top with some friends. They also went to Trancoso, Bahia where they got some well deserved rest at the beautiful beaches while spending time with some other EAB teachers and families. 

As you can see from these students and many more, EAB is a very diverse school, thus making sense that our students travel to far-off places to spend their week off. I hope everyone had a great break, no matter where they went (or didn’t go!), and that we are all well-rested (well actually, I’m not so sure about well-rested with all of that partying we did!) and ready to return to the seemingly endless days and very small amounts of sleep, of school- obviously (*sarcasm definitely intended*) our most favorite way to spend our precious days;)  


Movie Review: Captain Marvel

By: Kenton Heidemann

Marvel is back at it again with a new movie, Captain Marvel, released on March 8th 2019 and in theaters now! Here is a review of the Marvel film.


If you don’t want any spoilers but would like to see the overall review, scroll down to “Summary and Overall Rating”


Photo Credits:

For this review, let’s start off by talking about the star of the movie. The movie stars Brie Larson as Carol Danvers/Vers/Captain Marvel. People have been excited for this movie ever since it was announced. The first official trailer was posted on YouTube on September 18th 2018 and this made people even more excited for the movie, except for one thing. Brie Larson’s acting wasn’t great in the trailer or the movie. Throughout the movie, Carol is finding out so many things about herself, such as the fact that the Kree have been lying to her and she has been away from her real home for 6 years, but Larson still seemed to just keep a straight and emotionless face through almost the whole film. We are hoping that this will change in Avengers: Endgame. Other than that, Brie Larson was a great decision for the role of Carol Danvers.jpeg;base64e799d10447075814.jpg

Photo Credits:

Alongside Brie Larson, Samuel L. Jackson has returned to the big screen as Nick Fury. Jackson stole the spotlight in this movie with his once again great acting and funny character, but there are also some points where the movie made Fury seem like less of a serious character than he is supposed to be. The humor of the character is great but there is a point where it is too much. For example, in this movie they made it that Nick lost his eye because of a cat (Flerken) named Goose. It got a lot of laughs, but it made some of Fury’s more serious quotes from the other movies seem less serious. Such as when Fury said in Captain America: The Winter Soldier “Last time I trusted someone, I lost an eye” while talking to Steve Rodgers about “Project Insight.”


Photo Credits:

Despite those things, the movie’s storyline remains great. The movie is about how Vers, a member of the Kree military, gets kidnapped on a mission by another species named Skrulls and ends up getting stranded on planet C-53 (Earth). While she waits for the Kree to find her and get her back to the Kree home planet Hala, Vers discovers she once lived in Earth, her real name is Carol Danvers, and that the Kree are the real enemies. This was a great way to introduce Captain Marvel into the Marvel Cinematic Universe. It gives the background of the character in an interesting and exciting way and Carol wasn’t the only who was given a little more of a backstory in this movie. It gave more information on characters such as Nick Fury and Ronan (the antagonist of the first Guardians of the Galaxy movie). Not only was the storyline great, but the fight scenes were choreographed really well and definitely kept the audience’s attention.

Summary and Overall Rating

The overall rating of this movie is a 7/10. Larson’s acting could be greatly improved and made the movie a little boring. The comedy was funny at times, but there were points where it made quotes from other movies sound weaker than they should be and a few jokes were badly timed and not needed in the final film. Despite that, the storyline and the fights were very well written and interesting. Along with that, there are the great performances from actors such as Samuel L. Jackson as Nick Fury and Annette Bening as Mar-Vell. It’s recommended that you watch this movie.


Social Media’s breakthrough challenge (#Trashtag Challenge)

By Chathumina Kalatuwage

Over the past couple years, there have been dozens of trendy challenges for the internet. The Ice Bucket challenge was the first challenge that raised awareness of an important issue (Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis) or commonly known as Lou Gehrig’s disease.

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It’s 2019 now, and there is a new challenge that is helping restore the beauty of littered places. #TrashtagChallenge is a simple concept of people capturing before and after pictures of places that they’ve helped clean up.

It exploded Reddit and Facebook roughly 2 weeks ago after user Byron Román posted on Facebook a picture of him in what looks to be a forest with lots of plastic/polythene bags and an after photo of him with the whole place cleaned up and striking a pretty cool pose. That place alone had 9 bags of plastic!

Román’s motivation was apparently ‘teenage boredom’ and he encourages anyone feeling bored to look for a place to help out. (If you’re a teenager, that might be your room first). Trashtag is trending worldwide as people from India to Honduras gather rakes and bags to benefit the planet.

Screen Shot 2019-03-15 at 15.40.23.pngThere are loads more photos like this online and it wouldn’t hurt (unless you cut yourself on a piece of glass) to put more out there. Picking up trash isn’t anything hard and it feels good to give back to the community. #Trashtag is another example of social media being used for good. Imagine it as the Chubby Bunny challenge but every Bunny is a plastic bottle going into your bag. Lake Parana (away from the Country Clubs because they’re clean) could actually use some cleaning.

Photo Credits 1, Photo Credits 2


TEDXYouth@EAB 2019 Highlights


EAB’s Ideas Worth Spreading

By Sophie Kane

TED began as a conference in my hometown of Monterey, California in our local conference center. Today it’s a world renowned organization, its speakers cover more than just technology, entertainment, and design, and its ideas have spread much farther than the Monterey Conference Center. EAB is now a three-time host of TEDx, an event that supports the voices of students, teachers, and faculty. This year the event was put on by 12th graders Yasmin Abbas, Ofri Tagner, and Ryan Sayah complete with live music performance and an exploration area with activities such as folding Japanese origami cranes (折鶴, orizuru). Topics of the talks ranged from mental health to choosing a career path to freedom of speech to racial identity, with the audience consisting of both members and non-members of the EAB community. Please enjoy these pictures of the event taken by EAB Moments photographers Yuqiao Song, Joan Emmanuel, Alma Sato, and Sherlynn Chew.





A Call To Action: The Brumadinho Disaster and What You Can Do To Help

By Emma Holm-Olsen

Unless you’ve been living under a rock for the last couple weeks, chances are you’ve heard about the dam collapse at the Corrego do Feijao Mining Complex in Brumadinho, a region in Minas Gerais. On the morning of last Friday, January 25, a massive landslide was triggered by the collapse, burying hundreds of houses, vehicles, and people in its path. The Week magazine says “The tragedy may be one of the deadliest in Brazil’s history”, and indeed it might be- or at least the worst environmental disaster Brazil has ever seen. As of February 5, the death count is 134, with another 199 people reported missing (Western Advocate). The event left 250,000 people without water, while also killing thousands of fish. Vale, the company which owned the dam, is Brazil’s largest mining company. Two hours after the disaster, its stock fell 10 percent on the New York Stock Exchange (9News).

“The death count is 134, with another 199 people reported missing.”

On the third day after the collapse, January 28, officials said it was unlikely to find any more survivors, even though there have been rare “cases of people buried under a landslide who lived for over 30 days” (Folha de São Paulo). However after that statement was made, they proceeded to find thirty more survivors, which gives us hope that there are more to be found. Even so, there are hundreds if not thousands of people left homeless. Even the “lucky” ones are without clean, running water or electricity. The muddy water, contaminated with heavy metals from the mines, is heading toward the Rio São Francisco, a river which provides drinking water for thousands of people in five states (ABC News). Now, the fear is that the problem will soon go from a local tragedy to a national disaster if not dealt with accordingly.

If this isn’t a call to action, I don’t know what is. As a school which aims to ‘positively impact the world through excellence in academics, activities, arts, leadership, and service’, we should be some of the most concerned citizens. This is important for everyone, but especially for us as we are living in Brazil, and we have the opportunity to help these people. There are many efforts being put into place in order to help the families affected by the collapse. One of the frontrunners is Brazil’s Movement of People Affected by Dams (MAB). They have launched a campaign whose goal is to “raise funds to strengthen the organization of the people impacted by the tragedy, by sending brigades to support displaced families and the families of the victims, to ensure they have their rights respected” (Brasil de Fato).

Okay, so you’re probably thinking “that’s all great, but even if I wanted to help, what could I do as a meager high school student?” Well, good news! Stores at Park Shopping and Pontão do Lago Sul, and even restaurants like Paprika Burgers are taking donations of personal hygiene goods, non-perishable food items, and mineral water.  If you want to make a difference, #StartWith1Thing! Click the link below to find out more about how you can help.


How Many Died for the Cause of “Fashion”?

By Caroline Morvan

“Workers are dying in preventable factory fires because the world’s leading retailers – from Walmart to Gap to H&M – make their clothes in countries where labor laws are not enforced and demand that their contract factories slash production costs to the bone. Factories meet the apparel companies’ relentless demands for lower prices by ignoring workers’ rights and safety. In Bangladesh, the world’s second-largest apparel producer, this has led to a series of horrific fires.”

Apparel companies claim they are regularly inspecting their factories and ensuring that they are safe, yet every deadly fire in recent years has happened at a factory that had been subject to numerous such inspections. It is impossible to imagine a more dismal record of failure.” ~Scott Nova and Liana Foxvog


Every year thousands of factory workers in countries like Bangladesh and Pakistan die while working for the sake of “High Fashion”. Unsafe conditions, like locked exits and barred windows, made the death tolls much higher.

Unfortunately, these human rights violations are all too common for a variety of reasons, among them, poor government oversight. Lax certification processes grant permits to multistory facilities with poor electrical wiring, no external fire escapes or fire extinguishers, and there is ineffective auditing to identify and remediate fire threats.

Meanwhile, trade unions, collective bargaining and worker advocacy are not encouraged, but rather suppressed.

But because the apparel industry has become exceedingly price sensitive, the protection of human rights, including workplace safety in low wage countries like Bangladesh, remains a secondary priority. Until the day that workplace risks are factored into apparel price analyses, devastating factory fires will remain a threat.

While Americans are fond of low prices for clothing, some are possible only because workers in Bangladesh and Pakistan (among other countries) toil in sweatshops for meager wages, in dangerous conditions.

On April 24, 2013, Bangladesh’s Rana Plaza garment factory building collapsed, leaving over than 1,100 workers dead and around 2,500 injured.

Among the survivors was Rehana Begum, a seamstress who worked at the Ether Tex garment factory on the third floor. Even though her left arm was broken, she knew she was among the lucky ones.

“I felt I was buried alive,” Begum said through her tears. “I never thought I’d see sunlight again.”

How many more need to die for things to change for the better?

In the video above, Ismail Ferdous photographed this deadly disaster and showed viewers the raw destruction and how the lives of those were shattered.


Super Bowl Recap : The Bad, the Bad, and ….the Bad (Spoiler Alert)

By Fatima Kane


Let’s start off with the score :


3 to 13 for the Patriots – the lowest scoring Super Bowl game ever.


The game looked mostly like this…


…with a couple of interceptions


… and 1 touchdown by the Patriots !

While the lack of scoring seemed to be driving everybody crazy, ESPN called the Patriots’ defense “the best defensive performance we have ever seen in a Super Bowl.” Considering that the Rams had the second-best offense in the second-highest scoring season in NFL history, and the last time a team allowed their opponent only 3 points was 47 years ago when the Cowboys beat the Dolphins 24 – 3, the game maybe wasn’t as bad as it seemed. But watching the game on Sunday was painful, and I’m pretty sure we all ended up looking like this :


(Coach Sean McVay of the LA Rams)

Sadly, the halftime show was not much better…


After Rihanna, Jay-Z, and Cardi B turned down offers to perform at the Halftime Show in solidarity with Colin Kaepernick, Maroon 5 agreed and performed along with Travis Scott and Big Boi (half of Outkast) for one of the most mediocre performances ever.

Basically, the Super Bowl LIII will go down as the most boring in history, the New England Patriots won again for the 6th time and counting, Tom Brady won his 6th Super Bowl as the oldest quarterback, the halftime show was about as exciting as the game, and the most memorable moment was when Big Boi came out in his humongous fur coat.



Sources :


3 Strategies on how to stick to your New Year’s Resolutions

By Fatima Kane 

Here are our strategies on how to actually keep your 2019 New Year’s Resolutions – and not just until January 2nd!

Plan it out 

It’s great to aim high with your goals, but you want have an idea how to get there. To make your resolution seem less daunting, plan it out on paper in smaller, more specific steps that will allow you to accomplish your goal. Giving yourself deadlines and time limits to complete certain steps can help you stay on track and keep moving forward. You can easily set up your plans on a calendar, agenda, journal and with reminders to make sure that 2019 is the year for you!

Remind yourself. Constantly. 

All the hopes for your resolutions go out the window, unless you constantly remind yourself of your goals and make them a daily important priority. Setting up to-do lists, notes, or reminders for yourself, allows you to keep your resolutions at the forefront of your mind. Positive reminders of your plans will go a long way in helping to keep you motivated. 

Keep track of your progress!


Recording significant (or even seemingly insignificant steps) you’ll take during the year is the perfect way to keep to being motivated, committed, and striving for your target! Studies have shown that “monitoring” your steps leads to higher success in sticking with your resolutions. Keeping track of your progress allows you to remind yourself of how far you have gone and how close you are to the finish line! And don’t stress about having a couple “cheat-days.” Perfection can’t be expected, and any progress is a reason to be proud! Just don’t let these days distract you from your goals. 

Good luck with your 2019 New Year’s Resolutions! 


Image Source: “Bullet Journal Monthly Habit Tracker, Flower Drawing. | @Littleolivebujo | Bullet Journal Ideas | Pinterest | Bullet Journal, Journal and Bullet.” Pinterest,

Things to Look Forward to in 2019

By Luiza Boiteux and Huat Hee Chiang

The moment of glory has finally arrived: 2018 is coming to an end.

Perhaps you’re wondering why this is a moment of glory if you’re like me and the fact that we’re already in December has caused you to drown in existential dread and made you think about how quickly time passes and that we’re all marching toward an unavoidable sad and lonely death.  *clears throat*  But enough of that. I’ll give you some reasons to be excited about 2019. Just think: soon enough all of the tiring school work will be over and a brand new year is going to come for you to make things right (and maybe work out your fear of existence).  


Movies are probably the first thing that comes to mind when we talk about what’s to come in 2019. The first movie coming out is Pokemon Detective Pikachu, which portrays a world where people collect Pokémon for battle. Some beloved childhood favorites will also be making come-backs to the big screen all the while sending older generations immense nostalgia. We are of course talking about the new Disney live-action re-makes, such as Dumbo and Lion King. Toy Story 4 also comes out on June 20, 2019. And for the superhero fanatics, Captain Marvel will be released as well. This movie tells the story of Carol Danvers, who becomes one of the universe’s most powerful heroes, when Earth was caught in the middle of a galactic war between two alien races.

Speaking of superheroes, don’t forget about the sequel to Avengers: Infinity War, Avengers: Endgame, which comes out on April 2019! Its teaser trailer was released in recent weeks, and it’s already expected to top its prequel’s box office of 2.05 billion USD!


Now for the people that spend their entire days neglecting assignments to finish that one level of a game, here is some good – or bad – news for you. The most beloved action role-playing game, Kingdom of Hearts III, will be released. Days Gone, an action adventure game, will also be coming out next year on April 26.

An eagerly anticipated game, Cyberpunk 2077, can also be expected to be released in 2019, though its release date is officially still to be decided. Set fifty-seven years later in dystopian Night City, California, it is a role playing game which explores the cyberpunk sub-genre (hence the name, duh). It is developed by CD Projekt, which is important because they are the same developers of the Witcher 3, the winners of the 2015 Game of the Year Award.


In 2019 lots of great artists will be dropping new albums to please our ears. Firstly, there is Maggie Rogers with the album Heard It in a Past Life, with pop songs mixed with folk imagery. After that Dodie releases her new album Human, with hits such as “If I’m Being Honest” and “Burned Out”. Backstreet Boys will be coming back with their new album DNA and Dream Theater, a progressive metal band, will also be releasing the album Distance Over Time.


See you in the new year!




Image Source: Garcia, Kelsey. “For Everyone Who Thought Disney’s Lion King Remake Was Going to Be Live-Action . . .” POPSUGAR Tech, 27 Nov. 2018,

Bulls Give Back to Community: NHS Trip to CIL

By Emma Holm-Olsen

Screen Shot 2018-12-02 at 9.16.24 PM

As we near the holiday season, I’ve been contemplating how I can make my community a better place, and what I can do to help the people around me. I think one of the best organizations at EAB that encapsulates those values is the National Honor Society. Indeed, NHS’s recent trip to the Interscholastic Center for Language is a great example of how we can all do a little bit more for others. As Charles M. Schulz said best, Christmas is doing a little something extra for someone.” This past Monday, a group of 6 students along with High School Biology teacher Ms. Kahle, took a trip to visit CIL, an extracurricular language school that teaches English to Brazilian students.

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          These are high school age students just like us, that are interested in the English language and American culture, and passionate about learning all they can about it. I saw this as an opportunity to share something that is important to me with others, as well as an exercise in diplomacy and international friendship. I always like to meet new people, and this just felt like something I had to do, for them and for myself. When we got there, my heart sunk a bit. The building was obviously old and somewhat falling apart, and the inside was bright and clean, but just a tad bit depressing if I’m being completely honest. I’m embarrassed to say that I immediately thought, “How lucky I am to be at such a nice school with such great teachers and academic opportunities!”. And even though the school was perfectly nice, it was definitely an eye-opening experience.

         We walked into a tiny classroom, and saw 12 students sitting at their desks. The students’ ages ranged from 16 to 21, something that I guess surprised me a bit. They were all super sweet though, and were obviously very excited to have a little something different in their day. We introduced ourselves, and asked the students to form a circle. We started by testing on-their-feet vocabulary skills in a fast-paced ice-breaker game. Then we transitioned to discussing an article we had prepared the week before at our meeting. The article was about the pros and cons of social media, something we figured they would be interested in, since you know, us teenagers are obsessed with our phones! We broke up into groups of 6, with two EAB students per group. In our groups, we read the article, and then discussed vocabulary they had trouble with, and just the topics in general to give them some extra conversational practice.

         Since we only had an hour with the students, we had to wrap it up and say our goodbyes after what seemed like only a few minutes. I had a lot of fun, and honestly hope that we continue our relationship with the school, as well as continue to work with the students. It was an invaluable experience for me, and incredibly rewarding to leave that school knowing we had taught them something, and given them something nice and new to do in a day of what might be monotonous classes. I can’t wait to see where NHS takes us next!